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美國家具今年的進出口

作者:林作新日期:16.03.08

  今年上半,美國家具的進口增加了10%,而出口也增加了4%。

十大進口國/地區

      單位:百萬美元

國別

20151-6

20141-6

±%

中國大陸

6,990,10

6,365.70

10

越南

1,438.60

1,188.70

21

加拿大

578.6

525.1

10

墨西哥

572.5

536.4

7

印尼

344.1

323.3

6

馬來西亞

332.7

312.2

7

意大利

328.1

296.2

11

中國臺灣

206

189.2

9

印度

152.4

127

20

波蘭

143.5

128.2

12

世界總數

11,821.20

10,704.10

10

 

 

 

 

資料來源:美國海關、美國統計局

   過去這一兩年,許多人在高喊制造業回歸美國,并且不惜玩弄統計手段,說什么美國的制造業成本比中國只高出4%~5%

   在十幾年前對實木臥房反傾銷的時候,當時的說辭也是以救助美國國內的制造業為借口。

   然而,家具制造業并沒有回歸美國,反而是進口連年增加,只不過是不同國家進入前十大而已。

   中國仍然是最大的進口國,超過總進口量的50%,但進口的增加率持平,而越南和印度成為被關注的焦點。

   越南開始時得利于美國對中國實木臥房家具的反傾銷,反傾銷之后,幾乎大部分的訂單都從中國轉向越南,如此經營了整整十年,越南已穩定成長,除了實木臥房,其他實木家具也逐漸發展起來。制造業的供應鏈也已完整,上游的五金、玻璃、油漆等等,都可以于當地生產供應了。而當地的橡膠木,是中國價格的三分之一,因此發展的很快,出口到美國,去年已達到23億美元了。今年上半年,更猛增21%。

   越南的最大隱憂是:地處非常潮濕的熱帶,木材的含水率非常高,出口到美國去,木材開裂變形在所難免。

   越南的工資也在連年增長,同時經常罷工,電力供應也不穩定,但這個不到一個億人口的國家,和4億人口的印度尼西亞相比,是強得多了。出口到美國,是印尼的4倍多,而印尼不但人口多,資源也多,土地、木材等,都不是越南可以比擬的,但就是發展不起來,出口到美國,十幾年來也就是每年2~3億美元,增長也慢,只有6%。

   印度也令人十分吃驚,居然有家具出口,而且迅速成為美國的十大進口國。目前雖然基數很小,只有1.5億,但發展速度很快,和去年上半年比增長20%。

 

進口美國的十大家具產品

      單位:百萬美元

產品

20151-6

20141-6

±%

木質家具

2,196.40

2,049.20

7

金屬家具

1,571.00

1,435.30

9

木框軟包

1,236.60

1,066.10

16

實木臥房

982.4

876.6

12

木框軟包椅子

927.4

870.4

7

金屬戶外

903.7

900.7

0

軟包墊

 

 

 

木床

629.8

573

10

木質廚房

582.8

481.9

21

金屬框軟包

582.2

477.7

22

其他材料

370.2

321.2

3

世界總數

11,821.20

10,704.10

10

資料來源:美國海關、美國統計局

   實木臥房家具增加的比平均值高,達12%,可見反傾銷沒用,擋不住,特別值得注意的是金屬軟包,大部分是飛機座位、汽車座位,這方面是中國近年來出口到美國的增長點,木質廚房家具倒是靜悄悄地成長起來,不動聲色,并且增長得很快,高達21%,倒是出乎意料之外。

   出口方面,相當于進口的十分之一,集中在幾個國家,增長最多的是巴哈馬,但也不到三千萬。

所屬類別: 行業新聞

該資訊的關鍵詞為:

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